The Pareto Principle states that, for many phenomena, 20% of
invested input is responsible for 80% of the results obtained.
In Vilfredo Pareto's case, he used the rule to explain how 80% of property in
Italy was owned by 20% of the country's population.
This principle serves as a general reminder that the relationship between inputs
and outputs is not balanced.
For example, the efforts of 20% of a corporation's staff could drive 80% of the
In terms of personal time management, 80% of our work-related output could come
from only 20% of our time at work.
It is also interesting to note that in trading, the market ranges about 80% of
the time. In other words, during 20% of the time when the market trends can
we expect to generate higher profits from our trades.
To put this into perspective, there can only be 4 outcomes from each of our
1. Small Win
2. Small Loss
3. Large Win
4. Large Loss
Cases 1 and 2: small wins and small losses arose from ranging markets most of
Case 3: Large wins can be achieved during a trending market to take advantage of
the big moves.
Case 4: Large Losses can be contained like Case 2 with proper stop loss settings.
If you are a manual trader, you may want to save 80% of your time for not
trading during a ranging market given the relatively smaller returns.
Alternatively, you can have your profitable range trading strategies automated,
so that you won't miss out on most of the trading opportunities when the market
is not trending.
"The 80/20 principle – that 80 percent of result flow from just 20 per cent of
the causes – is the one true principle of highly effective people." - Richard
The 80-20 rule displayed as a graph (green line). If all effort
yielded equal results, the red line would be valid.
The essence of 80-20 rule is that things are not distributed equally. Each unit
of work does not contribute to the same amount. In the perfect world, every
employee would contribute the same, every bug be equally important, every
feature equally loved, and planning would be simple.
In trading, the effort you make and the frequency you trade are
not relevant, only profits are.
It's a fact that traders who trade discriminatorily and are patient, make more
money than traders who simply trade the noise and the action.
If you trade less, you can afford to risk more with the trades that have the
odds on their sides which are more likely to be successful.
By acting on the axiom that most of the results in any situation
are determined by a small number of causes, this 80/20 rule will enrich your
life in all areas.
The 90 10 Principle